Treatment of cell tumor of your dog

Treatment of cell tumor of your dog

Treatment of cell tumor of your dog. today we’re going to talk about mast cell tumors and dogs this type of tumor is very unique in how it behaves and how we treat it to learn more about mast cell tumors we’re going to meet with dr. Mona Rosenberg who is board certified in veterinary oncology mast cell tumors are skin tumors that it can occur in any dog or cat certain breeds are at higher risk than other breeds and they typically occur on the skin or just under the surface of the skin mast cell tumors can look like just about anything the classic is a little button or pink hairless raised little nodule on the surface of the skin but sometimes they can occur as we said before underneath the skin where it might even feel just like a little fatty tumor ideally if you suspect that your pet has a mast cell tumor you should bring your pet to your family veterinarian for more information if your veterinarian should confirm that your pet has a massive cell tumor then he or she will recommend a number of tests in order to determine

 how advanced the disease is and might consult with a local board certified veterinary oncologist as to what the best treatment options are treatment options for mast cell tumors can include anything from surgery radiation or chemotherapy and often the outcomes are excellent prior to surgical removal of a mast cell tumor your family veterinarian will want to run several tests the first will be blood work to make sure that your pet is healthy overall and could withstand the anesthesia the second is a urinalysis for the same reason in fact about 20% of cancer patients will have urinary tract infections without actually showing any signs it’s important prior to surgery to know whether an infection exists additionally depending on the age of your pet a chest x-ray may be warranted not necessarily to look for spread of cancer since mast cell tumors rarely go to the lungs but again to make sure that we’re not finding anything else that would change our approach in making sure that we’re providing the best treatment for your pet as well as focusing on quality of life once we’ve confirmed that your pet has a mast cell tumor the next step typically is to surgically remove it

now massive cell tumors grow somewhat differently from a lot of cancers in that they send very far finger-like projections into the surrounding tissue so even if your pet has a very small mast cell tumor you’ll find when you pick your pet up postoperatively that there’s a really big surgical incision and the purpose of that is so that your veterinarian can attempt to get clean margins all the way around only by achieving those clean wide surgical margins can we attempt to prevent the tumor from coming back postoperatively the pathologist is going to tell us the grade of tumor ones are the best because in most situations they if you can cut them out they don’t come back and they don’t spread or metastasize to other locations grade two are the most common 40% of those will metastasize grade three is unfortunately are the worst because they have the highest incidence of spread to other parts of the body once we’ve identified that information especially if it’s a two or three

 we talk about staging your path which is a measure of how advanced or hopefully not is the cancer to begin with most grade tumors don’t spread but they do like to come back in the same or similar location especially if we’ve not been able to achieve complete surgical margins radiation therapy is exquisitely useful for treating grade two masses of tumors that have been in completely excised if we’re dealing with a more aggressive mast cell tumor then we need to take a more systemic approach to your pet and in that situation what we would do is talk about the use of chemotherapy now most people really don’t like the idea of using chemotherapy because of a personal experience that they may have had either with a family member or perhaps even themselves but I’m very happy to say that 85% of the dogs that we treat with chemotherapy regardless of the type of cancer actually have no clinical signs associated they have no vomiting no diarrhea no loss of appetite they have great happy lives and that’s very important to us with all of our cancer patients because the most important aspect is to provide extended good quality time if the treatment is going to be worse than the disease we would never want to do that because it’s all really about quality of life the most important thing to remember if you suspect that your pet has a mast cell tumor is to make sure that you take your pet in to see your family veterinarian for a full physical examination and an analysis of the lump or bump that you’ve identified that you’re suspicious of just because a pet has cancer doesn’t mean that it’s a life sentence there are lots that we can do to provide extended quality of life dr. Rosenberg discussed some very important points that I’d like to summarize first mast cell tumors can vary in their appearance and therefore require veterinary attention to diagnose once diagnosed your veterinarian will surgically remove the mass with wide surgical margins this means the incision will be much larger than you would expect for the size of the tumor after the tumor is removed it will be graded to determine what additional treatment if any will be required if radiation or chemotherapy are required they can be performed in many cases with little to no side effects finally if you see or feel and lump on your pet bring it to the attention of your veterinarian for proper diagnosis and treatment options   

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