Demodex in dogs cure. Hello, I’m Dr. Mike. Demodectic mange, also referred to simply as Demodex, is a common mite found in dogs. Usually this mite is not a problem, however, in puppies or adult dogs with a compromised immune system, these mites can cause a variety of skin problems. To learn more about Demodex, were going to meet with Dr. Jeff Glass, a veterinarian in Irvine, California. Demodex is a parasitic disease caused by a mite called Demodex, so Demodex canis. It is an inflammatory disease where this mite is found in the hair follicles and when something suppresses the body’s immune system, these mites will then start to multiply, and when they multiply, it will cause the hair to fall out. I think that the most important thing for clients to know is that Demodex is a disease that is not directly contagious from one dog to another. A lot of times people are worried when the dog has Demodex, is it going to be transmitted.
The way that they get it is from their mother. It’s usually transmitted in the first few days of life when the pups start to suckle on the mom, they’ll often get their mite. That’s why it’s often found around the face and it’s often found in the front feet. It can be found anywhere in the body. So, what happens is that many dogs will have this mite living in their hair follicles, and usually what will happen is that it will just sit there in the hair follicles and not cause any real problems at all. If something suppresses their immune system, which can be as simple as them having worms or parasites, which many puppies will have, this can then cause this mite to start to multiply and grow, and when it does multiply, that’s when it causes the symptoms and causes the problems.
Usually, a healthy dog, even if they have been
exposed to that mite and have that mite, the hair follicle will not show any
signs at all. The symptoms of Demodex can be very variable. Sometimes it can be
a very small patch of hair loss, which sometimes people can just confuse from a
scratch and it can be a very small area of hair loss in any part of the body,
and usually those are the much milder forms. It can become much more serious,
where we see dogs that can have hair loss in multiple patches all over its body
or even the entire body. When they get secondary infection from this mite,
because their immune system is down, they can get secondary bacterial
infections, which can then result in scabs all over the body, crusting, and at
that stage a lot of the times, the dogs will be itchy and scratching. When
there isn’t infection, typically Demodex is a disease that is not an itchy type
of disease, so usually a dog won’t be scratching if there isn’t secondary
you see Demodex in a younger dog, it is much less of a concern and often
associated with a localized. In older dogs that get Demodex, those are the ones
that you’re much more concerned because that suggests something that’s really
suppressing their immune system, which can even be as serious as cancer.
Because there are many causes of hair loss in a dog, you want to make sure that
your dog truly does have Demodex. Diagnosing Demodex is a relatively simple
procedure where your veterinarian may want to do a skin scraping, where he’ll
scrape a part of the skin, look at it under a microscope, and then he will see
the mite at various stages. If he sees that, it confirms the diagnosis, so it’s
not a difficult disease to diagnose.
far as treatment is concerned for Demodex, for localized, if you have a very
small area, if it’s a young dog with a small area, sometimes treatment is not
necessary. There are topical ointments that you can put on a dog, which may or
may not help to make it resolve quicker. With generalized Demodex or if you
have Demodex in an older dog, then probably in most cases, treatment would be a
good idea, to resolve the problem quicker and prevent it from getting worse.
There are various types of treatment for Demodex and you definitely want to
consult with your veterinarian to find out which option he feels would be best
for your dog. There are different types of dips that you can use. For example,
mitaban dip, there are oral treatments like ivermectin or milbemycin. Topical
ointments can be used and then sometimes if there is secondary infection,
antibiotics would be warranted. Prognosis for this disease in young dogs is usually
very good. Most young dogs will, with various types of treatment, will respond
very well and do extremely well. In older dogs is when you become a little bit
more concerned, because in those cases, there is usually an underline cause,
and when there is an underline cause, often you need to find what that cause is
before you can actually treat the Demodex. Demodex is not contagious to people,
and is generally not considered a problem in helping healthy adult dogs.
However, in some pets, it can cause severe skin infection. If your puppy, or
older dog has hair loss, you should bring it to the attention of your
veterinarian. He or she will decide if treatment is necessary, and what options
are available for your pet. I hope this information is helpful