Common problems of you all ages dogs and cats. Problem diagnosed by veterinarians in dogs and cats of all ages. There are many causes and types of ulcers. In most cases, the prognostic with early treatment is extremely good. To learn more about corneal ulcers, were going to meet with Dr. Douglas Esson, who is board certified in veterinary ophthalmology. The cornea is the clear windshield of the eye, and corneal ulcer really simply describes a wound or defect in any of the layers of the cornea.
are many different causes of corneal ulcers. They may result from exposure of
the cornea, deficiencies in the tear film, trauma, abnormal eyelids, hairs
growing from abnormal eyelids, and detergents or shampoos. Typically animals
with large and prominent eyes such as Lhasas, shitzus, and pugs, as well as
cats like Himalayans and Persians are prone to corneal ulcerations.
Clinical signs of corneal ulceration typically result from the pain associated with this process. They include squinting or redness of the eye, excessive tearing or rubbing of the eye. If you think your pet is affected by a corneal ulcer, you should have it examined immediately by your veterinarian. Your veterinarian will examine the eye using some form of magnification and typically some form of corneal stain in order to determine the extent of the ulcer.
there are many different types of corneal ulceration, there are many treatments
that are appropriate. Simple or traumatic ulcers may be managed with tropical
medications alone, chronic or indolent ulcers may require medical procedures in
order to stimulate healing. Extreme or dangerously deep corneal ulcers may
require surgical intervention. When managing a corneal ulcer, pets are
typically treated for ten to fourteen days using topical medications.
In many cases, a protective collar may be used
to prevent your pet from traumatizing the eye while it heals. In most cases,
the prognosis for resolution is excellent. Dr. Esson gave us an excellent
overview of corneal ulcers. If you think your pet is showing signs of a corneal
ulcer, you need to bring it to the attention of your veterinarian as soon as
possible. The earlier it is diagnosed and treated, the better the prognosis.